It's no secret that TorBrowser is the most affordable software to ensure anonymity on the Internet. However, it is not suitable for everyone and not the safest. The best alternative to Tor browser is VPN. However, not everyone can afford to buy a VPN. So does it make sense to overpay? How to choose the most suitable software in order to remain anonymous on the network? Let's try to understand this article.
What is Tor Browser?
This is a completely free browser that allows you to connect to a chain of proxy servers located around the world. According to the developers, the network is completely anonymous and the traffic inside it is encrypted. The data that you send through Tor passes through as many as three proxy servers, the server chain changes with each connection. Also, the chain can be changed at any time, both for all sites and for a single resource. Proxy servers are based on SOCKS technology.
As already mentioned, all traffic that passes through the Tor network is encrypted. Since the network uses hybrid encryption technology, traffic interception is not possible inside the network. It is worth noting that traffic is encrypted within the network. Thus, your provider sees that you are connecting to the Tor network IP addresses, but he cannot see the target servers to which you make a request.
But despite all this, there are a number of vulnerabilities in the browser that allow you to intercept traffic. But more about that below. Also, IP addresses from the Tor network are almost all blacklisted due to the fact that these addresses are associated with cyber crime.
Briefly about VPN technology
VPN is a technology that allows you to establish a secure connection between your computer and the VPN node. Unlike Tor VPN, these are fundamentally different technologies with very broad capabilities. Even if you buy a VPN is a problem, then you can use the free VPN service. However, do it at your own peril and risk, in more detail, about what are the disadvantages of a free VPN in our article.
VPN providers configure their servers in such a way that several protocols for connection may be available to you. The most common of them are OpenVPN, IKEv2, L2TP, PPTP. Since the network has Internet censorship, and it is not possible to block all VPN providers, VPN protocol ports are usually blocked. However, the VPN is so flexible in configuration that you can change the connection ports and bypass locks.
Not least important, it is also possible to configure encryption of all traffic, including DNS. And this is in addition to the fact that, like TOR, the VPN perfectly hides the IP and allows you to bypass geo restrictions, but with much greater speed and on any device.
We will deal with the positive and negative features of using TOR
Free software that is constantly being improved by developers.
Very high fault tolerance, server chains are stable.
Perfectly bypasses geo-limited content.
Low connection speed due to the fact that the chain consists of 3 servers and traffic is encrypted.
All network IP addresses are blacklisted, so you may encounter the problem of constantly requesting captcha, or the resource may not be available at all.
Sites and providers can easily block access from the Tor network.
A large enough number of vulnerabilities that allow you to calculate.
It works only on a computer.
Consider the pros and cons of VPN
High speed connection.
Full traffic encryption, including DNS.
It works on almost all devices. It can even be configured on a router or TV.
It’s hard to block because the technology is very common. Also, VPN traffic can be masked as normal traffic.
If you do not trust the VPN provider, you can configure the server yourself.
Of the minuses:
A well-established VPN provider that will work stably can not be cheap.
The conclusion suggests itself. Of course, the best solution would be to buy a VPN. However, if the connection speed is not important to you, the target resources and your provider do not block TOR, then use it.