The national intranet, in fact, replaces the public Internet and is used by a government that wants to control the media (media) and online communications of its citizens. The network supports Internet services (e-mail, websites, FTP servers, etc.) An intranet is connected to external networks, including the Internet, usually through anti-unauthorized access protection. An intranet can be isolated from external users or function as an autonomous network, without external access.
An intranet is an IP-based network that is maintained by the government and replaces the usual functions of the Internet, such as search engines, e-mail, and news agencies. The government controls all of these facilities, as well as access to the Internet and media.
There are several countries that are actively implementing a national intranet, the most famous of which is the Gwangmyeong network in North Korea, Myanmar, Cuba and Iran, and a similar network system is also used. While the national intranet provides the public with everything the public needs, it does not give freedom online and only restricts what information the government wants to display.
Experience of use in different countries
- In April 2011, senior Iranian official Ali Agha-Mohammadi announced the government's plans to launch its own "halal Internet" that would conform to Islamic values and provide "appropriate" services. The creation of such a network, similar to the example of North Korea, will prevent unwanted information from outside Iran from entering a closed system, and will have its own localized e-mail service and search engine.
- A basic understanding emerges from research that relates to the stability of the Chinese Internet: The Internet in China is a “walled garden” in terms of structure, but at the same time depends on Western Europe and the United States of America for connections to foreign countries. Simply put, in terms of resilience, China could effectively exit the global public Internet and maintain internal connectivity (essentially having an intranet). This means that the rest of the world may be restricted to connect to China and vice versa for external connections for Chinese users.
- Following the announcement of the creation of a national intranet in Iran, the US State Department said in a press release that it would allow the export to Iran "of certain services, software and hardware related to face-to-face communication in Iran ... As the Iranian government tries to thwart the people" to speak, "By cutting off his communication with the world, the United States will continue to take action to help the Iranian people exercise their right to freedom of expression."
- In 2011, it was announced that Iran hoped to offer internal network access to neighboring countries. The Deputy Minister of Economy said that "Iran will soon create an Internet in accordance with Islamic principles in order to improve its communications and trade links with the world."We can characterize it as a truly 'halal' network designed for Muslims on an ethical and moral level."