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Pseudo-antivirus

What are fake anti-viruses and what to expect from them? Fake antiviruses and fake tech support

October 20, 2020

What are rogue anti-viruses and what to expect from them? Fake antiviruses and fake tech support

At the end of the last decade, when the majority of personal computer users already knew about the dangers of viruses and the need to use antivirus software, a new type of malware appeared - scareware.

Fake antiviruses are one of the most common types of online scams. What's the point? Scammers make a person pay for an antivirus, which is supposed to remove malware and viruses from the computer. The application that is installed after payment is completely useless: a beautiful cover, supposedly useful notifications, but nothing more. We will tell you how this scheme works, how not to fall into the hands of scammers. It is also worth knowing about the types of fake anti-viruses. Let's start with them.

Types of fake anti-viruses

Fake antiviruses come in many different forms. Let's divide them according to the way of execution:

  • Components of web pages. This could be a banner or pop-up if you visit a fraudulent site. The approximate context of the message - the user was scanned, as a result, a very dangerous infection was found, from which the antivirus “will help” get rid of.
  • Separate applications. It is downloaded from the Internet, sewn into the system and regularly sends messages that the computer needs to be cleaned of viruses. For this, the scammers want a certain amount.

There are fake anti-viruses for both PCs and smartphones. Although for the latter, this scheme works more difficult, since the phones are less vulnerable and easier to use. They are simply more understandable for people, so it is more difficult to confuse an ordinary user.

How do fake anti-viruses appear?

This is the result of the work of cyber fraudsters. They have studied these areas and vulnerabilities in detail, so it is quite easy to “access” user trust. Often, links to fraudulent resources appear when looking for a link to download a real and working antivirus. Moreover, they manage to name products convincingly, to refer to well-known brands. Advertising platforms and networks that do not test programs help spread.

It enters the PC in several ways:

  • Email attachments. They are loaded as legitimate electronics possessions. Software is presented as bank documents, for example, various declarations. They make a person believe in the legality of the document and install it on the device. Moreover, it is not necessary to purposefully download the document, sometimes it is enough to go to a suspicious resource.
  • Fake ads. Fake ad windows on websites can signal problems with your PC. The user simply believes that something is wrong with his computer, follow the link and replenish the balance of the scammers as a result.
  • Backdoors, worms, trojans. Threats open the doors of OS vulnerabilities, install files needed by fraudsters. The user does not even know about this, since the request does not pop up.

How to protect yourself from fake anti-viruses

A simple and reliable way is not to go to suspicious sites, let alone enter bank account details and any other personal information. If pop-up windows appear on the site that say about PC security, feel free to close them. Only certified and tested antiviruses can protect against real viruses and threats. In addition, do not install applications, games, books and movies from unfamiliar resources. You may not even suspect that they have viruses embedded in them that collect data about you as a PC user.