Abuse of powers in commercial and other organizations: Actual problems of the investigation.
A relatively small number of works are devoted to the problem of abuse of authority in a commercial organization, which negatively affects the degree of development of the problem of protection and ensuring the effective functioning of a business, which is inherently related to this area of research.
Abuse of authority is a major problem across many industries, and it is common in the information industry that employees abuse their authority. They read documents, embellish reality and come up with new ones based on old data.
Since the company's resources are huge, a person has a desire to use them for his own purposes.
Any abuse in the company can be divided into several large groups:
This aspect will always be popular. Since he brings the attacker a lot of money, and also allows him to stay in leadership positions. Most often, during the provision of reports, the necessary data is overestimated so that after active work and large profits that the employee brought to the company, he could receive impressive premium dividends. In order not to waste efforts, and also not to exert mental abilities, some resort to banal falsification of reports.
Large corporations often pay for mobile calls, so dishonest employees. They call relatives and friends, and also pay for a conversation from a corporate mobile. In some cases, attackers go further. A duplicate card is created and funds are debited from the bank. In addition, unscrupulous employees also steal passwords from antivirus and other expensive programs and install them for their own use or sell them.
Some employees sell data, such as customer phone numbers, email addresses, or other valuable information that can make collaboration easier or help injecting malware. In some cases, data is intercepted from a PC, in which case an attacker with special equipment must sit in front of the PC and transmit the necessary signal to break the protection on the personal computer.
Access to the corporate network opens many doors and opportunities for the fraudster. For example, by connecting to a network, fraudsters can send letters on behalf of a corporation to customers who have malware that mirrors PCs. People rarely open letters from strangers, but if an SMS is from a bank, then the client not only reads it, but also follows the specified link. In addition, you can make a spam mailing that will come to many users at once.
Some employees do not set the goal of financially gaining benefits, they simply want to harm the company. Such options are most often present if the employee believes that they are being paid little or underestimated. Thus, an offended employee can enter a virus or a knowingly incorrect code, so that the system breaks down from time to time, equipment breaks down, so the corporation will spend a lot of money on restoring systems, as well as equipment.
Company employees can abuse:
1. Internal corporate documentation (for example, overestimating travel expenses or employing people who do not actually work, but receive money, submit overpriced reports).
2. Resources when employees use anti-virus software or other systems for their own purposes.
3. Information assets when an employee uses clients' personal data, as well as their passports, phone numbers for personal purposes to achieve financial gain.
4. Technical equipment and systems, when attackers intentionally introduce malicious programs that cause multi-million dollar damage.
The most common sources of threat are people with a criminal record or dubious reputation, who disregard corporate policies and the client's personal space. If the employee does not fit into the average employee by behavior, thinking or other parameters. It is worth thinking about more detailed and close attention to the employee.
If the system is simple and open for access by any employee, there are no complex programs, as well as proper checks, then the employee can afford to slightly exceed the authority for the purpose of profit.
Also, sometimes the corporations themselves are to blame for the dismissive behavior of employees, which cover up rudeness. They do not suppress minor violations, and also do not punish offenders for major scams, but simply fire people from the company without involving law enforcement agencies.
Most often, the abuse of authority occurs in those companies that do not pay due attention to security, the level of protection of personal data of clients, also omit disobeying the rules, and do not follow the implementation of the work culture. If the submitted reports are controlled by one person, and the director can write the bonus in any amount, then the employee will successfully use the benefits of the company and data falsification.
It is also worth paying attention to how the employee treats customers, so if an employee often offers unnecessary services and often does an excellent job with the goals set, then he can deceive his own employer for financial gain.
In order to reduce to zero the option of abuse of office, constant total control should be carried out at different stages of work. It is also worth entrusting the well-being of your own company to modern information systems that can prevent internal fraud in time.
This system analyzes transactions, as well as employee behavior, so the program allows you to identify unscrupulous employees, as well as reduce the level of abuse. If a company is concerned about the preservation of data, and also constantly monitors employees, then employees are less likely to be tempted to use corporate data or funds.